Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

Medicinal compounds are organic in nature and are classified into small and biological organic molecules. In many cases, inorganic and organic compounds are just as useful as drugs. The most common practice of pharmacology aimed at discovery and development of new therapeutic agents by involving synthetic organic chemistry and computational chemistry in close association with chemical biology, enzymology. and structural biology. Interdisciplinary teamwork at the interface between chemistry, biology, and medicine is essential for drug research. Pharmaceutical chemistry is both a science and an art. The former offers mankind the best hope of improving quality of life, and the latter challenges researchers with their intuitive and experiential need to discover new drugs.

An important aspect of drug design is understanding the key components of a natural product that exhibit therapeutic benefits. The important role of pharmacogenomics is to develop a drug with therapeutic benefits. The traditional process of modifying a therapeutically valuable chemical molecule to interfere with a disease is accomplished by pharmacogenomics. The process of identifying a potential chemical molecule, modifying its chemical structure, synthesizing the organic molecule in the laboratory, and examining its biological properties and activities are all included in the process. this program.

The pharmaceutical industry market is driven by pharmaceutical chemistry. Currently, the main goal of drug design is to design a drug for a known target and develop a molecule by fully understanding the active ingredient with therapeutic potential, which is subsequently approved by the FDA. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval. The process of designing new molecules for this established target is done using computer-aided drug design (CADD).

The sub-field of chemistry, which deals with radioactivity, nuclear processes, and properties, is nuclear chemistry. The behaviour of objects and materials after they are placed in a nuclear waste storage or disposal site is the most important area of ​​nuclear chemistry. Nuclear chemistry applies to the use of radiolabels in industry, radiation therapy in medical, scientific, and environmental applications, and the use of radiation to modify materials such as polymers.

The study of neurochemicals produced by and regulating the nervous system is neurochemistry. The multidisciplinary science that deals with the study of the structure and function of the nervous system is neuroscience. Oxytocin, serotonin, dopamine and other neurotransmitters and neurotransmitters are neurochemicals. It refers to the chemical processes that occur in the brain and nervous system.

It is the chemical that occurs in the human brain and nerve cells that helps humans communicate signals. The thriving academic field that contributes to our understanding of molecular, cellular and medical neurobiology is neurochemistry. It discusses the role of chemicals in building the nervous system, it explores the function of neurons and glial cells in health and disease, it reveals degenerative processes. work in the nervous system and explore aspects of cell metabolism and neurotransmitters.

 

In the field of organic chemistry, scientific research focuses on carbon compounds and other carbon-based compounds such as hydrocarbons and their derivatives. Bioorganic chemistry is a rapidly developing scientific field that combines organic chemistry and biochemistry. The scientific study of composition, structure, properties, manufacture, and related reactions involves organic or inorganic chemistry. Organic chemistry is said to deal with stereochemistry, isomerization, photochemistry, hydrogenation, polymerization, fermentation, etc.

In-organic chemistry includes crystallography, atomic structure, electrochemistry, ceramics, chemical bonding, coordination of compounds, and acid-base reactions. It has been found that inorganic chemistry is the only branch of chemistry that specifically studies the differences between all the different types of atoms. This feature of inorganic chemistry is applied in medical inorganic chemistry, the study of important and non-essential elements that can be used in the treatment and diagnosis of diseases.

The discipline focuses on the quality aspects of drugs and aims to ensure the suitability for the purpose of the drug as medicinal chemistry. It is the study of drugs, and also involves its development at different stages like drug discovery, distribution, absorption, metabolism, etc. Medicinal chemistry typically works in the laboratory including elements of medical analysis, pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics. Developing this field will allow us to contribute to life-saving cures and accelerate the delivery of new medicines. Other important branches of research for understanding the effects of drugs on the body are pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and drug metabolism.

The field of clinical pathology, concerned with the analysis of urine, blood (whole blood, serum, plasma), body fluids for the screening, diagnosis and monitoring of various diseases. Clinical tests were performed to identify changes from the human biological reference range. A wide range of techniques such as chemiluminescence, immunoassays, radio assays, biochemical methods such as colorimetry, enzymatic reactions, spectrometry, nephelometry, electrophoresis, enzyme-linked fluorescence, analytical chemistry methods such as high-performance liquid chromatography, atomic absorption, mass spectrometry, infrared spectrometry, etc. used by clinical pathologists and biochemists to detect and control disease.

Forensic chemists identify materials at crime scenes using a variety of methods and using tools such as Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, Thin Layer Chromatography, Gas Phase Chromatography-mass spectrometry, and chromatography. high performance liquid and atomic absorption spectroscopy. To preserve evidence and determine which destructive methods will produce the best results, forensic chemists prefer to use non-destructive methods first. A set of standards to be followed by forensic chemists has been proposed by various agencies and regulators, including the Scientific Working Group on the Analysis of Seized Drugs. Forensic chemists regularly test and verify their instruments to ensure the accuracy of what they report.

The discipline that focuses on the mechanisms by which cells process, integrate, and act on information to create and propagate living organisms is molecular biology and biochemistry. Chemical biology deals with chemistry applied to biology. It specifically focuses on disciplines such as cell biology, genetics, epigenetics, genomics, molecular biology, biochemistry, biophysics, structural biology, and computer modelling. These two fields bring together biologists and chemists with an interest in cell life and composition. The biochemist's primary interest concerns the vast and complex range of chemical reactions occurring in living matter and the chemical composition of cells.

Advanced physical chemistry topics include spectroscopic methods ranging from mass and ultrafast spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance and paramagnetic electrons, X-ray absorption and atomic force microscopy, as well as theoretical and computational tools. The gap between the theories and techniques of modern physical and chemical systems is bridged by physical chemistry.

Theoretical chemists and physicists attempt to elucidate the phenomena that govern all aspects of the physical world using advanced methods of calculation and characterization. Advanced characterization techniques are applied to a wide range of topics - energy storage materials for electric vehicles, biologically relevant proteins for understanding degenerative diseases, light-induced molecular changes and complex surface properties of physical chemists. To advance our understanding of all aspects of chemistry, of the nature of chemical bonding, theoretical chemists are working to establish quantum mechanical methods.

Nanoscience is the emerging science of objects with an average size of a few nanometres to less than 100 nanometres that can be produced by current photolithography. Classes of nanostructures of particular interest in chemistry include colloids, polymer molecules, buckytubes, silicon nanorods, compound semiconductor quantum dots, and micelles. Chemists have recently realized that chemistry is already playing a leading role in nanotechnology and that it is the ultimate nanotechnology. By connecting atoms and atomic groups with bonds, new substances are created through chemical synthesis, which is economical and safe.

Nanoelectronics initially aroused interest in nanotechnology, but the first new potentially commercial technologies to emerge from the revolutionary nanoscience were actually in materials science and seem to have evolved from chemical processes. is. Chemistry has contributed to the invention and development of materials with properties that depend on their nanoscale structure. Ultimately, chemistry and chemical engineering become critical to producing materials productively and economically in large quantities.

Among the vast fields of analytical chemistry and bioanalysis, the most dynamic and advanced field that is attracting widespread research interest is bioanalysis. The fields of modern analytical chemistry and bioanalysis are instrumental developments for protein analysis, imaging, development of miniaturization devices, sensors, chemometric methods and sampling. Problems in the pharmaceutical industry are solved by applying bioanalytical techniques, creating new discoveries in the biomedical field.  

Food chemistry is the study of the chemical processes and interactions of all the biotic and abiotic components of food. Biological substances include, for example, fish, beef, beer, lettuce and milk. It is similar to biochemistry in its main components, such as carbohydrates, proteins and lipids, but also contains areas such as vitamins, water, enzymes, minerals, flavors, food additives and dyes.

This discipline also covers how elements of certain food processing processes change and how they can be enhanced or prevented. An example of process improvement is promoting the fermentation of dairy products with microorganisms that convert lactose into lactic acid; An example of stopping this process is to prevent browning on the surface of freshly ground Red Delicious apples by using lemon juice or other acidic water.

Nutrition is the process of absorbing food and using it for growth, metabolism, and repair. The nutritional steps are digestion, digestion, absorption, transport, assimilation, and excretion.

Argo-food chemistry is an academic discipline that plays a key role in expanding the nation's food supply. Basic research or applied research and development are the two categories that characterize this sector. Fundamental research is to understand the biological and chemical processes by which crops, and livestock grow. Applied research finds ways to use the knowledge gained in basic research to improve the quality, quantity, and safety of agricultural products.

Agricultural and food chemists deal with all aspects of crop and animal production, food safety, quality, nutrition, processing, packaging, and recycling of materials. They serve the common goal of producing sufficient nutritious food and feed while sustainably feeding people. We are responsible for our environment and ecosystems.

Petrochemicals are one of the six fundamental industries in the world and play an important role in influencing decision making for all other important parts of the economy. Petroleum focuses on how crude oil and natural gas are transformed into raw materials and other useful products. It is the main raw material for countless chemicals including pharmaceuticals, solvents, fertilizers, plastics, dyes, surfactants, fuels and many others. Therefore, many countries consider oil an integral part of other industries and of vital importance.

Although the trend of using renewable energy and alternative energy is growing, it is still considered a powerhouse in the world. The petrochemical sector has risen to the challenge of sustainability and has significantly increased production efficiency while steadily reducing energy inputs. A significant amount is contributed to the national GDP by petrochemicals.

The study of the synthesis, characterization and properties of polymeric molecules or macromolecules is a sub-discipline of chemistry known as polymeric chemistry. Other sub-disciplines of chemistry such as analytical chemistry, organic chemistry, and physical chemistry have similar principles and methods used for polymer chemistry. Polymer science or nanotechnology can be included in the broader areas of polymer chemistry.

According to their origin, polymers can be further subdivided into biopolymers and synthetic polymers. The structural and functional materials that make up most organic matter in organisms are biofilm-forming substances. Structural materials featured in plastics, synthetic fibres, mechanical parts, paints, building materials, furniture and adhesives are synthetic polymers. They can be divided into thermoplastic polymers and thermosetting plastics. Almost all synthetic polymers are derived from petrochemicals.

Electrochemical methods are widely used in various branches of industry, despite the practical importance of electrochemical processes, the role of processes in living organisms and their unique features of their experimental study led to the formation of electrochemistry as an individualist science. Biological processes involved in biofilm activity such as visual image detection, transmission of nerve impulses, assimilation and energy utilization of food are not possible without electrochemical linkages. 

Marine geochemistry and chemistry influence synthetic and geochemical processes operating in broad areas of study: seas, strong earths, polar caps, lakes, meteors, climate, marine life forms and neighbouring planetary systems. The study related to the chemical composition and chemical processes of marine waters is marine chemistry. The study of physical aspects such as the structure, processes and composition of the earth is geochemistry.

In scientific research applications and industrial queries, informed decisions are made by analysing information buried in a rock's fluids, gases, and mineral deposits. This helps the oil industry and allows scientists to combine theories about how the earth is changing. Analytical chemistry is an important branch of fundamental chemistry whose knowledge is essential for biochemists. Toxicology, hydrology, and sedimentology are the fields involved in environmental geochemistry.

The chemical industry is made up of companies that produce industrial chemicals. At the heart of the modern global economy, it transforms raw materials (natural gas, oil, air, water, metals and minerals) into more than 85,000 different products. There is some variation in the plastics industry as most chemical companies produce plastics as well as other chemicals. Several professionals are deeply involved in the chemical industry, including chemical engineers, physicists, laboratory chemists, technicians, and more. In 2019, the chemical industry accounted for about 27% of manufacturing in the United States.

Chemical waste is waste derived from hazardous chemicals (mainly produced by large factories). Chemical waste may be subject to regulations such as COSHH in the UK or the Clean Water Act and Resource Conservation and Recovery Act in the US. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) as well as state and local laws also govern the use and disposal of chemicals.

Chemical waste may or may not be listed as hazardous waste. Hazardous chemical waste is any solid, liquid or gaseous substance that is "hazardous" or is clearly "classified" as hazardous waste. Four characteristics of chemical waste may need to be considered hazardous. We are flammability, corrosion, reactivity and toxicity. Each type of hazardous waste must be clearly identified with its origin, composition, and risks so that it can be handled and disposed of safely.