Forensic & Clinical Chemistry
The field of clinical pathology, concerned with the analysis of urine, blood (whole blood, serum, plasma), body fluids for the screening, diagnosis and monitoring of various diseases. Clinical tests were performed to identify changes from the human biological reference range. A wide range of techniques such as chemiluminescence, immunoassays, radio assays, biochemical methods such as colorimetry, enzymatic reactions, spectrometry, nephelometry, electrophoresis, enzyme-linked fluorescence, analytical chemistry methods such as high-performance liquid chromatography, atomic absorption, mass spectrometry, infrared spectrometry, etc. used by clinical pathologists and biochemists to detect and control disease.
Forensic chemists identify materials at crime scenes using a variety of methods and using tools such as Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, Thin Layer Chromatography, Gas Phase Chromatography-mass spectrometry, and chromatography. high performance liquid and atomic absorption spectroscopy. To preserve evidence and determine which destructive methods will produce the best results, forensic chemists prefer to use non-destructive methods first. A set of standards to be followed by forensic chemists has been proposed by various agencies and regulators, including the Scientific Working Group on the Analysis of Seized Drugs. Forensic chemists regularly test and verify their instruments to ensure the accuracy of what they report.